Things to do in Rome

Roman Pantheon: A-Z Guide for First Time Visitors

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Rome Pantheon, the name evokes a sense of mystery, grandeur, and ancient power. Standing before a 2,000 years old structure, one can't resist marveling at the genius of the ancient architects who crafted it. Rome's iconic temple dedicated to all the gods, is a true world wonder. With its massive domed roof, awe-inspiring oculus, and intricate details, visitors across the world flock to see it.

Rome Pantheon

Rome Pantheon - In A Nutshell

Handy information

⏰ Suggested Duration:1-2 hours
☀️ Best Time to Visit:Early morning or late afternoon
💜 Must Do:Marvel at the dome, visit the tombs
🎟️ Audio Guided Tour: €5
😍 Guided Tour Tickets€26
🚇 Closest MetroBarberini

Opening Hours & Address

Monday to Sunday: 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Last Admission at 6:45 PM
Closed on: January 1st, May 1st, and December 25th.

Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Rome, Italy
Get Directions

Things to know

  • Constructed in: 27 BC by Marcus Agrippa, rebuilt in 126 AD
  • Location: Rome, Italy
  • Architect: Marcus Agrippa
  • Rebuilt by: Emperor Hadrian
  • Architectural style: Ancient Roman architecture, specifically the Corinthian order


Flat Facade
Glass Collections
Amatller Chocolate Tasting
Bedroom of Antoni Amatller

Why Is Rome Pantheon Worth Visiting?

  • Ancient Engineering Marvel: The Pantheon is an impressive ancient Roman engineering marvel, with its massive dome and intricate details that have stood the test of time for over 2,000 years.
  • Cultural Significance: Explore a symbol of Rome's enduring cultural legacy, which has inspired architects, artists, and visitors for centuries.
  • Famous Tombs: The Pantheon is home to the tombs of several famous Italians, including the artist Raphael and the first king of Italy, Victor Emmanuel II.
  • Fascinating History: Delve into centuries of history, from its origins as a pagan temple to its transformation into a Christian church.
  • Artistic Treasures: Admire stunning artwork, including stucco reliefs and frescoes, adding artistic depth to this historic monument.
  • Spiritual Experience: Feel the unique spiritual ambiance as you stand beneath the oculus, an enchanting feature that connects the Pantheon building to the heavens.

Rome Pantheon Tickets

You can choose from a variety of tickets while visiting Rome Pantheon including a Guided Tour and an Audio Guided tour. You can also club your experience with the next door neighbour, Leonardo da Vinci Museum!

History Of Rome Pantheon

The original Pantheon was built in 27 BC by Marcus Agrippa as a temple dedicated to all the gods. However, this building was destroyed in a fire in 80 AD. The current Pantheon was rebuilt in 126 AD by Emperor Hadrian, who incorporated the original portico and facade into the new design.

The Pantheon served as a temple for centuries before it was converted into a church in the 7th century. During this time, many of the original statues and decorations were removed or replaced with Christian artwork.

Over the centuries, the Pantheon has served various purposes, including as a tomb for famous Italians such as the artist Raphael and the first king of Italy, Victor Emmanuel II.

Despite several earthquakes and fires over the centuries, the Pantheon has survived largely intact and is now one of the best-preserved ancient buildings in the world. It is a testament to the skill of ancient Roman engineers and architects, and a window into the changing history and culture of Rome.

Rome pantheon

Rome Pantheon Architecture

The Pantheon was built in 27 BC as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome. The Pantheon's concrete dome is one of the largest unsupported domes in the world, with a diameter of 43.3 meters and a thickness that tapers from 6.4 meters at the base to 1.2 meters at the top.
The "coffered dome" is constructed with a series of arches that gradually decrease in size towards the top. This design supports the weight of the dome and was a revolutionary engineering feat during its construction.

The Pantheon's exterior is a simple yet elegant design, featuring Corinthian columns and a triangular pediment. A brilliant amalgam of symmetry and proportion, it creates a sense of balance and harmony. The interior is even more impressive with intricate patterns and designs adorning the marble floors, walls, and columns. The dramatic central oculus illuminates the entire space with natural light, adding to its grandeur.

Today, the Pantheon serves as a Catholic church, and visitors from all over the world come to be captivated by its timeless beauty and impressive engineering.

Top Highlights of Rome Pantheon

1The Oculus

The Oculus, a remarkable 25-foot-wide circular opening at the pinnacle of the Rome Pantheon's dome, is a marvel of ancient engineering. Serving as a celestial window, it bathes the Pantheon's interior in shifting patterns of natural light, while also acting as a sundial and a unique drainage system, making it an architectural masterpiece.

Rome Pantheon Oculus

2The Interiors

The Pantheon's interiors are a captivating blend of history and artistry. Ornate marble surfaces, including pavonazzetto, giallo antico, and porphyry, create a striking contrast against the plain exterior. The flooring boasts intricate patterns, guiding visitors through this ancient marvel. Explore frescoes, sculptures, and the final resting place of Raphael, all within this architectural treasure.

Rome Pantheon

3The Tombs

The Pantheon's tombs are hallowed resting places of historical significance. Raphael, the renowned artist, finds his final repose here, alongside Italian kings including Vittorio Emanuele, revered as the 'Father of the Nation.' These sacred spaces are brimming with exquisite Renaissance art, from frescoes to sculptures, offering visitors a moment of reflection and awe.

rome pantheon tomb

4The Architecture

The Pantheon's architecture is a masterwork of ancient ingenuity. Its massive hemispherical dome, a testament to Roman engineering, dominates the structure. The grand portico, with Corinthian columns, bears Greek influence. This fusion of architectural styles reflects Rome's rich history, making the Pantheon a compelling testament to human craftsmanship across the ages.

Rome Pantheon

4The History

Built in 27 BC as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, the Pantheon has since served as a church, a tomb, and a site for papal coronations, making it a significant destination for understanding Rome's captivating past. Unveil the cultural and architectural evolution of the city, showcasing the vibrant history that shaped it.

Rome Pantheon

5Enjoy the Piazza

The Piazza della Rotonda is the charming square surrounding the Pantheon, where you can relax and soak in the vibrant atmosphere of Rome. Marvel at the impressive facade of the Pantheon, sip on a coffee at a nearby cafe, or simply watch the world go by in this iconic Roman square.

Rome pantheon

Best Time To Visit Rome Pantheon

  • Spring (March - May): The weather is mild and pleasant during spring, and there are fewer crowds than during the summer months. This is an ideal time to visit the Pantheon for a more relaxed experience.
  • Winter (December - February): While it may be colder, the winter months are also a good time to visit the Pantheon as there are fewer tourists, and the queues are shorter.
  • Early Morning: Visiting the Pantheon early in the morning, right after it opens, is a great way to beat the crowds and have a more peaceful experience.
  • Late Afternoon: Another option to avoid the crowds is to visit the Pantheon in the late afternoon, a few hours before it closes. The lighting during this time also creates a beautiful ambiance.

  • The Pantheon can be very busy on weekends and holidays, so it is best to visit during weekdays when there are fewer crowds.

Getting There

  • By Walking: If you are staying in the city center, walking to the Pantheon is a great option as you can enjoy the charming streets of Rome on the way.
  • By Public Transportation: Rome's public transportation system includes buses and metro lines that connect to the Pantheon area. The closest metro station is "Barberini - Fontana di Trevi" online A, and there are several bus stops nearby.
  • By Taxi or Ridesharing: Taxis and ridesharing services such as Uber and Lyft are available in Rome and are convenient for getting directly to the Pantheon
  • By Bike: Rome has a bike-sharing service called "Mobike" that allows visitors to rent bikes and ride around the city. This is a fun and eco-friendly option to reach the Pantheon.

Insider Tips to Visiting Rome Pantheon

  • Bring Water: The Pantheon does not allow food or drink inside, but visitors can bring a water bottle to stay hydrated during their visit.
  • Look up: The Pantheon's oculus in the center of the dome creates a beautiful effect of light and shadow on sunny days. Make sure to look up and appreciate this mesmerizing sight.
  • Arrive Early or Late: To avoid the crowds, it's best to visit the Pantheon either right after it opens or in the late afternoon. This way, you can have a more relaxed and enjoyable experience.
  • Attend a Mass: The Pantheon is still an active church, and visitors can attend a mass on Sundays or on holy days. This is a unique opportunity to witness a religious ceremony in one of Rome's most iconic buildings.
  • Take a Guided Tour: A guided tour can offer a more in-depth and informative experience, as a knowledgeable guide can provide insights and information that visitors may not discover on their own.

Interesting Facts about Rome Pantheon

  • The Pantheon has the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world, which was an engineering marvel at the time of its construction.
  • The oculus, or the central opening in the dome, is 27 feet in diameter and is the only source of natural light in the building.
  • The height of the dome and the diameter of the oculus are the same, creating a perfect sphere inside the building.
  • The Pantheon has survived several earthquakes over the centuries due to its innovative design.
  • The building was converted into a church in the 7th century and has been used for religious purposes ever since.
  • Several famous Italian figures, including the artist Raphael, are buried in the Pantheon.
  • The Pantheon has inspired many architectural works around the world, including the U.S. Capitol Building in Washington D.C.
  • The name "Pantheon" means "all gods" in Greek, and it is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Rome today.

Restaurants Nearby

rustic italian oxtail ragu
Ristorante La Campana

Since it is the oldest establishment in Rome, no one can contest its authenticity. Eat classic Roman food, such as the outstanding oxtail ragu and pasta with black or white truffles, or dig in some intriguing pears dishes.

italian cuisine

Owned by a group of Michelin-star Chefs, the restaurant has great cuisine and a contemporary atmosphere with an open prep area and kitchen.

panna cotta
Da Armando al Pantheon

Lives up to its good reviews and greater expectations of diners with their extensive menu of desserts (incomparable panna cotta) and delectable pasta entrees.

Pantha Rei

Tucked away in a Piazza della Rotonda alley, people frequently refer to it as a hidden gem. This eatery is especially well-liked for its fantastic gluten-free pizza.

Other Attractions around Rome Pantheon


What is the Pantheon? 

The Pantheon is a well-preserved ancient Roman temple located in the heart of Rome's historic center. It was built in the 2nd century AD and is known for its impressive dome and beautiful architecture.

What is the history of the Pantheon?

The Pantheon was originally built as a temple to all the gods of ancient Rome. It has since been used as a church, a tomb, and a museum. Today, it is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions.

How do I get to the Pantheon? 

The Pantheon is located in the Piazza della Rotonda in Rome's historic center. It is easily accessible by bus or metro.

What are the Pantheon's opening hours?

The Pantheon is open Monday to Saturday from 9:00am to 7:30pm, and on Sundays from 9:00am to 6:00pm.

What is the dress code for the Pantheon?

There is no specific dress code for the Pantheon, but visitors are asked to dress respectfully when entering as it is a place of worship.

Can I take pictures inside the Pantheon?

Yes, visitors are allowed to take photos inside the Pantheon, but the use of flash photography is not allowed.

Are there guided tours of the Pantheon available?

Yes, there are many guided tours available that include the Pantheon as part of their itinerary. Visitors can also opt for an audio guide or explore the site on their own.

Rome Pantheon Guide