Things to do in Rome

Explore Rome’s national pride with this guide to Altare della Patria

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Rising majestically in the heart of Rome, Altare della Patria stands as a testament to Italy's rich history and unyielding national spirit. Also known as the "Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II" or "Victor Emmanuel II Monument", this colossal structure commands attention with its grandeur and architectural splendor. Completed in 1911, the Altare della Patria was constructed to honor Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a united Italy. Its iconic white marble facade, intricate sculptures, and imposing staircase exude a sense of pride and reverence. Beyond its physical magnificence, the Altare della Patria serves as a symbol of Italian unity and an enduring reminder of the nation's remarkable journey towards independence.

Altare della Patria

Altare della Patria - In A Nutshell

Handy information

⏰ Suggested Duration:2 hours
☀️ Best Time to Visit:Early mornings
💜 Must See:Glass Elevator
🎟️ Altare della Patria Glass Elevator Ticket€32
🚇 Closest Subway Colosseo


Glass Elevator
Fountains of the two seas
Equestrian statue of Victor Emmanuel II
Internal crypt of the Unknown Soldier

Things to know

Type: National Monument
Opened in: 1911
Location: Rome
Architect: Giuseppe Sacconi
Architectural style: Neoclassical

Opening Hours And Address

Sunday to Tuesday: 9:30 AM - 7:30 PM
Friday & Saturday: 7:30 AM - 10:30 PM

Address: Piazza Venezia, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
Get Directions

Why Is Altare della Patria Worth Visiting?

  • You can explore the monument and gain insights into Italy's journey towards unity and independence.
  • With its imposing white marble facade, majestic staircases, and intricate sculptures, Altare della Patria showcases the artistic prowess of its time and leaves visitors in awe of its beauty.
  • Ascending to the rooftop terrace of Altare della Patria rewards you with breathtaking panoramic views of Rome. From this vantage point, you can admire iconic landmarks such as the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, and the breathtaking cityscape.
  • Within the monument complex lies the Museum of Italian Unification, offering a captivating journey through Italy's history of unification.
  • Altare della Patria houses the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, a place of solemn remembrance honoring fallen soldiers who sacrificed their lives for their country. Witnessing the changing of the guard ceremony here is an experience you can't miss!

Altare della Patria Tickets

Experience breathtaking views of Rome's iconic attractions as you ascend to the rooftop of the Victor Emmanuel II monument.

History of Altare della Patria

The history of Altare della Patria, also known as the Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II, is deeply intertwined with Italy's quest for unity and independence. The monument, dedicated to Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a united Italy, stands as a symbol of national pride and achievement.

The Altare della Patria is home to various noteworthy features. The central part of the monument houses a statue of Victor Emmanuel II atop his horse, while the sides are adorned with allegorical sculptures representing Unity, Freedom, and Justice. Inside, visitors can explore the Museum of Italian Unification, which showcases historical artifacts and documents related to Italy's path towards unity.

Over the years, Altare della Patria has become a revered national symbol and a gathering place for celebratory events and patriotic ceremonies. Its prominent location in Rome's city center, near the Roman Forum and Capitoline Hill, makes it a focal point for both locals and tourists alike.

Altare della Patria archietecture

Altare della Patria Architecture

The architecture of Altare della Patria is a magnificent blend of grandeur, neoclassical influences, and intricate detailing. Designed by architect Giuseppe Sacconi, the monument showcases a monumental scale that commands attention in Rome's cityscape.

The most striking feature of the monument is its massive white marble facade, which gleams in the sunlight. The use of pristine marble symbolizes purity and adds to the monument's regal appearance. The facade is adorned with Corinthian columns, creating a sense of classical elegance and strength.

Ascending the imposing staircase, visitors are greeted by an array of sculptural embellishments. Elaborate friezes, ornate reliefs, and allegorical statues representing different virtues adorn the exterior, adding depth and symbolism to the monument. The central focal point features a colossal equestrian statue of Victor Emmanuel II, poised atop his steed, signifying his leadership and contribution to the unification of Italy.

Top Highlights Of Altare della Patria

1Glass Elevator

The glass elevator at Altare della Patria offers visitors an unforgettable ride, ascending to the rooftop with panoramic views of Rome. As you soar upwards, the transparent walls provide a unique and exhilarating perspective, enhancing the experience of exploring this iconic monument.

altare della patria elevator

2Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Altare della Patria is a solemn tribute to fallen soldiers who sacrificed their lives for Italy. It serves as a place of remembrance and honors those who made the ultimate sacrifice in service of their country, evoking a sense of reverence and gratitude.

altare della patria Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

3Fountains of the two seas

The Fountains of the Two Seas at Altare della Patria are captivating water features that flank the monument. These fountains represent the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic Seas, symbolizing Italy's unity and connection with its surrounding bodies of water. They add beauty and a touch of tranquility to the grandeur of the monument.

fountains of the two seas altare della patria

4Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II

The central highlight of Altare della Patria is the massive monument dedicated to Victor Emmanuel II, featuring an imposing equestrian statue of the revered king, symbolizing Italy's unification and national pride.

Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II Altare Della Patria

5Central Museum of the Risorgimento

Explore the museum housed within Altare della Patria, which showcases artifacts, documents, and multimedia displays that delve into the history of Italy's unification. Gain insights into the struggles, triumphs, and key figures that shaped the nation.

quinta de regaleira

Best Time To Visit Altare della Patria

The best time to visit Altare della Patria is during the early morning or late afternoon when the crowds are generally smaller, allowing for a more peaceful and immersive experience. The soft morning light or golden hour in the evening also adds a magical ambiance, enhancing the beauty of the monument and its surroundings. Additionally, visiting on weekdays or during the shoulder seasons of spring and autumn can help avoid peak tourist crowds. However, it's worth noting that Altare della Patria remains a popular attraction throughout the year, so planning ahead and arriving early can ensure a more enjoyable visit.

You can learn more about the Best Time to Visit Rome here.

Altare della Patria Timings

  • Sunday to Tuesday: 9:30 AM - 7:30 PM
  • Friday & Saturday: 7:30 AM - 10:30 PM
  • Changing of the guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier - Every hour

Getting There

  • By Car: The closest parking lot is right next to Altare della Patria.
  • By Bus: 51, 85, 87, 118, 109F, 781, n11, 46, nMC, nME, 60, n90, 80, n5, n543, n904, 916, 916F, n201, or n913
    Nearest Stop: P.Za Venezia, Capolinea, or Fori Imperiali/Campidoglio
  • By Subway: B, or B1
    Nearest Stop: Colosseo
  • By Train: Trenitalia
    Nearest Stop: Roma Termini

Insider Tips to Visiting Altare della Patria

  • To beat the crowds, aim to arrive at Altare della Patria early in the morning. This will allow you to explore the monument and its surroundings with more ease and fewer distractions.
  • Before visiting, make sure to check the weather forecast. Altare della Patria is primarily an outdoor attraction, and knowing the weather conditions in advance will help you plan accordingly and dress appropriately.
  • Altare della Patria involves a fair amount of walking and stair climbing, so wearing comfortable shoes is essential for a pleasant visit.
  • It's a good idea to carry a water bottle and some snacks with you, especially during warmer months. This will keep you hydrated and energized throughout your visit.
  • Don't miss the opportunity to ascend to the rooftop terrace for stunning panoramic views.
  • Allocate some time to explore the Museum of Italian Unification within Altare della Patria. It provides valuable insights into Italy's history and enhances your understanding of the monument's significance.
  • Make sure you check out the changing of the guards at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

Interesting Facts about Altare della Patria

  • The Altare della Patria is colloquially known as the "Wedding Cake" due to its resemblance to a tiered cake with its white marble exterior and ornate detailing.
  • The monument's design was the result of a national competition held in 1880, with architect Giuseppe Sacconi emerging as the winner.
  • The monument's central equestrian statue of Victor Emmanuel II stands at an impressive height of 12 meters (39 feet) and is one of the largest bronze equestrian statues in the world.
  • It took over three decades to complete the construction of Altare della Patria, with work commencing in 1885 and reaching completion in 1911.

Restaurants near Altare della Patria

Unique Al Palatino Garden Restaurant

Whether it's breakfast, lunch, or a romantic candlelit dinner, Unique Al Palatino Garden Restaurant offers a serene oasis. Indulge in the finest delicacies this restaurant has to offer as you bask in the peaceful ambiance of their enchanting garden.
Distance from Altare della Patria: 850 m

Pizza - Cooking
Pizzeria della Madonna dei Monti

Following their ethos of sustainability, Pizzeria della Madonna dei Monti prioritize biodiversity, small productions, and the environment. They source ingredients from local farms through Campagna Amica and work to prevent food waste. Their artisanal process emphasizes goodness, digestibility, fragrance, and variety.
Distance from Altare della Patria: 700 m

Popular pasta dish by AL42

Al42 was born from the visionary idea of Chef and owner, Leopoldo Adriano Frigerio. With a background in Natural Sciences and a passion for excellent cuisine, he aimed to make haute cuisine accessible to all. The first branch opened on Via Baccina 42 in Rome, offering high-quality food at affordable prices.
Distance from Altare della Patria: 1 km

fresh pasta
INEO Restaurant

Indulge in authentic Italian cuisine at Iari The Vino, where you can savor traditional dishes in a relaxed atmosphere. Enjoy the cozy ambiance of their outdoor seating area, and during colder evenings, their heated terrace will keep you warm. Their commitment to freshness means we make fresh egg pasta daily, ensuring each dish bursts with an authentic and delicious flavor.
Distance from Altare della Patria: 850 m

Other Attractions around Altare della Patria

Hotels around Altare della Patria


What is Altare della Patria?

Altare della Patria, also known as the Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II, is a monumental structure in Rome dedicated to Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a unified Italy.

Where is Altare della Patria located?

Altare della Patria is located in Piazza Venezia, a central square in Rome, Italy.

What can I see at Altare della Patria?

Visitors to Altare della Patria can see the grand monument itself, which includes an equestrian statue of Victor Emmanuel II. There is also a rooftop terrace with panoramic views, a museum on Italian unification, and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

Are there admission fees to visit Altare della Patria?

There is no admission fee to visit Altare della Patria itself. However, there is a fee to access specific areas such as the museum or the rooftop terrace.


Is Altare della Patria accessible for people with disabilities?

Altare della Patria aims to provide accessibility for people with disabilities. There are ramps and elevators available to facilitate movement throughout the monument.

Altare della Patria